October 2022

A Trip to ‘Nasza Tłocznia’

In mid-October, all  Grade 4 students went to "Nasza Tłocznia” (Our Pressing Plant)  in Konary, where real juice is made. Students took an educational walk around the orchard where they collected delicious apples . With their own eyes they saw how the juice was pressed.  They tasted it afterwards. No sweeteners,  just the sweetness of the apple itself!  There was also a tour of the entire pressing plant facility. After the educational part, there was time for fun in the Enchanted Garden of the Press.

October 2022

Lichen Scale

On October 18, field classes in biology entitled ‘Lichen scale’ were held. The classes were conducted by Mrs. Małgorzata Siuta from the Chojnów Landscape Park. Students learned that lichens serve as an indicator for us to assess air pollution. They studied lichens growing in Zalesie Górne and determined the degree of pollution. According to the lichen scale, Zalesie Górne is located in zone 4, where the concentration of SO2 in the air is 69-50 μg / m³ . How is this possible? These organisms have a narrow tolerance range  to sulfur dioxide pollution.This is due to their anatomical structure, because they do not have a covering tissue and therefore there is a direct penetration of gases and dusts into their thallus. Lichens occur in large numbers and are easy to find, and knowing the lichen scale, you can assess the degree of pollution of our environment. Only the species growing on the bark of trees (so-called epiphytes) are used to assess pollution, because they absorb water directly from precipitation. The shape and size of lichens depend on the amount of pollution in the air. In Poland, a 7-degree scale is used  which  looks as follows:

I – no lichen, there may be green algae on the bark, very strong air pollution, contaminated centers of large cities and industrial centers; SO2 concentration in air above 170 μg/m3

II – there are only crustacean lichens (powdery) (e.g. impetigo, Lecanora conizaeoides), very heavily polluted air, large cities and industrial centers; SO2 concentration from 100 to 170 μg/m3

III – there may be leafy and crustacean lichen (e.g. yellow wall lichen, Physcia adscendens), polluted air, trees near cities, parks, SO2 concentration 99-70 μg/m3

IV – leaf lichen, few bushy ones appear (e.g. monk’s hood lichen, Parmelia sulcata), medium polluted air, forests near cities, SO2 concentration 69-50 μg/m3

V – leaf lichens occupy a significant area of bark, more and more bushy (e.g. oakmoss, tree moss), which, however, are not fully developed, air pollution is weak, most forests in lowlands and foothills, SO2 concentration 49-40 μg / m3

VI – various sensitive species of crustacean, leafy and bush lichen on trunks and branches (e.g. fishbone beard lichen, Platismatia glauca, well-developed species from zone 5), the air is slightly polluted, natural, large forests mainly in north-eastern Poland, SO2 concentration 39-30 μg / m3

VII – a lot of various lichens on trunks and branches – crustacean, leafy and bushy, thallus very large, hanging (e.g. cartilage lichen, beard lichen, tree lungwort),  the air is almost completely clean, few


PROJECT ACTIVITIES                 Polish Team  2022/2023    

September 2022

· Workshop: Let’s plant oxygen

- making flower pots out of milk containers and sowing seeds of herbs and other plants

- planting oxytrees near the school buildings

· Clean the World: How can we cope with illegal waste disposal?

- collecting litter in the street and forests around our school



October 2022

· Monitoring of lichen as bioindicators of air pollution

- with the help of the workers of Chojnów Landscape Park students look for various species of lichen and analyse their occurrence

· Local orchards in autumn: healthy lifestyle and healthy diet

- a field trip to Grójec fruit-growing centre and harvesting apples


November – December  2022

· Carbon footprint:  the influence of home heating systems on the air we breathe in.

- measuring the quality of air in our village

· How to make eco-friendly Christmas trees

- preparing Christmas decorations for classroom


January 2023

· Shopping: How to be an informed consumer and reduce environmental degradation


Spring 2023

· Promoting healthy lifestyle

- bicycle trips in the local area

· Stop burning the grass!

- posters raising awareness of the harmful influence of such actions on wildlife and habitats

· Our visit in Spain (6th-11th March)


Informacje o projekcie i działaniach projektowych w naszej szkole partnerskiej w Hiszpanii w Benacazon można znależć tu: https://iesvirgendelrosario.com/2022/11/14/hurry-up/

September 2022

We Plant Oxygen

In our school, we held pro-ecological workshops "We Plant Oxygen". Their aim was to promote tree planting as one of the most efficient pro-ecological activities that can be carried out for climate change mitigation. In addition to the talk which presented the role of trees in the process of air purification, each student was involved in making a pot for plants from milk cartons and in sowing plant seeds. The culmination point of the workshop came with the gift of two seedlings of the Oxytree "oxygen tree".


The name of the project finds inspiration in the lyrics of the song ‘Corner of the Earth’ by Jamiroquai. The line actually goes “…if you hurry you can get a ray on you…” and is really a call for enjoyment of the pleasures of the Earth, which we humans are part of. But also, it is a vindication for the urgent need of human action to prevent Mother Earth’s destruction. There is no time to waste, and we have to act now! Human beings have to take part in sorting enviromental issues out.

 Hurry Up! is in keeping with our Erasmus + Acreditation goal: 

  1. Healthy habits and the Environment
  2. Mobility of our students
  3. Inclusion

The two latter objectives will be achieved through the two mobilities taking place during school year 2022/23. On the one hand, the Polish school is going to Spain in March. On the other hand, the Spanish school is going to Poland in April. The first and third objective will be also attained through different environmentally-oriented activities carried out by our Erasmus + students during the school year. Besides, our objectives are ambitious as we want the activities to have a bigger impact on the educative community. Thus, the activities will be sometimes carried out by a bigger number of students. In any case, they will be disseminated so that the purpose and message of our project are conveyed to the most of the educative community.                                            

                                                                               FERNANDO RODRIGUEZ MORENO /Profesorado

                                                                                          IES  Virgen del Rosario



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